Japanese and Chinese Garden Architecture

The Japanese and Chinese are just two of the world’s greatest garden architects. These two cultures share many common architectural styles. In this article I will show you how these two great architectural traditions have influenced each other.


Garden Architecture

One of the most obvious is the use of design principles that resemble each other. For example, the two styles I mentioned earlier share similar elements of art such as symmetry and balance. The Japanese believe in equilibrium, while the Chinese believe in balance. These types of designs and patterns have been used throughout history by the masters of each culture.


The Japanese create gardens that have both large and small scale patterns within them. The Japanese usually have a two dimensional garden and build a small canopy or wall in the middle to separate the two surfaces. This gives the garden a very open feel to it and the illusion of a larger scale structure that doesn’t exist.

The bamboo and rock walls of the Japanese garden are often done in tile designs. Also, you can see stone walls on the Japanese flower gardens. The Japanese have used bamboo, rocks, sand and clay to create their gardens for years. When they moved to the island of Okinawa (present day Japan) their use of stone became more prominent in their designs.

Stone and Plants

The Chinese and Japanese have a similar relationship with stone. In addition to this, they also create very organic gardens. Their gardens are created using natural materials such as wood, rocks, sand and dirt. Another similarity between the two is the use of small plants that are floating in the water with the grasses growing on top of them.

There are many different types of plants that are grown in both countries. Both the Japanese and Chinese would prefer to grow the same type of plant in their gardens. It all comes down to preference and the way the plants are used.

The Japanese and Chinese would prefer to use the same type of flower to make their gardens. Not only are they of the same religion, but they also favor the same type of garden. Many have used the same type of roses in their gardens. The Japanese also love to use Japanese Tea Ceremony herbs and bamboo to create their gardens.

In the Japanese garden, the gardeners are very creative. They use Japanese Tea Ceremony herbs to help bring their garden to life. Besides, the gardeners make their design on the garden using the materials available. You can see this in their gardens as you walk through them.


The Chinese and Japanese garden take their unique path in design. While both styles share some common elements, there are differences between them. I’ll give you an example of this when I will show you how the Japanese landscape architecture is used in modern garden design.

In the Japanese garden, the landscape architect will use a cross pattern over the lower part of the garden. This will create a design similar to a flower arrangement. Of course, the circular design can be seen as a flower in its own right. The patterns are also used on the water walls and the zenith stones. It is the main theme of the garden.

In the Chinese garden, many bamboo borders are woven together. These border areas can also be used to create a design. The lower portions of the garden can be used to create vases or flower arrangements. These designs are always in balance to one another and usually involve three layers of color. Some of the gardeners use small ceramic bowls filled with rice and place the flowers at the bottom of the bowls.

Most people use the Japanese garden in a part of their house that has enough room to fit the design of the Japanese garden. There are even small guest houses that use this type of design for their gardens.

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